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Services and Programmes

Important dates

 

1913-1923 

 

(International, national, Cork)

 

Date

Event

 

31 Jan 1913

Formation of Ulster Volunteer Force

 

July 1913

Publication of ‘Ireland, Germany and the next war’ by Roger Casement

 

8 Sept 1913

WB Yeats’ ‘September 1913’ published in Irish Times

 

19 November 1913

Formation of Citizen Army

 

25 November 1913

Formation of Irish Volunteers (prelim meeting 11 November)

 

3 December 1913

Diarmuid Fawcett invites Liam de Róiste to discuss formation of Cork Corps of Irish Volunteers

 

14 December 1913

Cork Corps of Irish Volunteers formed at public meeting in City Hall

 

2 April 1914

Formation of Cumann na mBan

 

24/5 April 1914

Ulster gun-running: Larne, Donaghadee, Bangor

 

15 June 1914

 Joyce’s Dubliners published

 

28 June 1914

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo

 

23 July 1914

Austro-Hungarian ultimatum to Serbia

 

26 July 1914

Irish Volunteers land guns at Howth

 

3 August 1914

Germany declares war on France

 

4 August 1914

Germany invades Belgium

United Kingdom declares war on Germany

 

9 Sept 1914

Meeting, sponsored by IRB, discusses using opportunities presented by WWI to organize insurrection

 

5 Oct 1914

Letter by Casement in Irish Independent against Irish involvement in WWI

 

January 1915

Harry Clarke begins work on stained-glass windows in Honan Chapel

 

25 April 1915

British troops land at Gallipoli; Munster Fusiliers play prominent role

 

7 May 1915

Lusitania torpedoed off Old Head, 1,198 dead, bodies and survivors brought ashore in Cobh (Queenstown)

 

Late May 1915

IRB set up military council (fully constituted in Dec 1915)

 

1 August 1915

Funeral of O’Donovan Rossa; oration by Pearse

 

Jan 1916

IRB Military Council decides to launch insurrection at earliest opportunity

 

3 April 1916

Pearse issues orders to Irish Volunteers for 3-day field manoeuvres, beginning Easter Sunday

 

20/21 April 1916

Aud arrives in Tralee Bay; Casement lands at Banna Strand

 

22 April 1916

Eoin Mac Neill counter-manders orders for manoeuvres

 

23 April 1916

IRB Military Council decides to strike next day

 

24 April 1916

Easter Rising begins

 

24-29 April 1916

Easter Rising

 

1 May 1916

Insurgents sent to British internment camps

 

3-12 May 1916

Execution of leaders of Rising

 

26-29 June 1916

Trial of Casement; sentenced to death

 

1 July 1916

Somme offensive begins

 

3 August 1916

Casement hanged in Pentonville Jail, London

 

25 September 1916

WB Yeats’s poem ‘Easter 1916’ published privately

 

29 December 1916

James Joyce’s A Portrait of the artist as a young man published

 

April 1917

Ford Motor Co begins construction of plant at the Marina

 

April 1917

 Entry of the United Sates into World War 1.

 

May 1917

 American fleet of nearly 100 warships, submarines and auxillary vessels stationed in Cork harbour as well as seaplane   base at Aghada.

 

?? 1917

Daniel Corkery’s A Munster Twilight published

 

?? 1917

Daniel Corkery’s Threshold of Quiet published

 

24-5 June 1917

Disturbances in Cork city, following return of prisoners

 

8 January 1918

US President Wilson propounds 14 points for world peace

 

11 November 1918

Armistice between allied powers and German Empire

 

21 November 1918

Parliament (Qualification of Women) Act 1918 entitles women to be elected to House of Commons

 

14 December 1918

General Election, known as ‘Sinn Féin Election’; declaration on 28 December.  Countess Markievicz first woman elected to House of Commons

 

15 January 1919

PR used for first time in Sligo municipal elections

 

21 January 1919

Ambush carried out at Soloheadbeg, Co Tipperary, by Irish Volunteers

 

21 January 1919

First meeting of Dáil Éireann, formed by SF MPs elected to House of Commons

 

7 September 1919

2nd Cork Brigade of Irish Volunteers carry out attack in Fermoy

 

10 September 1919

Proclamation of SF, Volunteers, Conradh na Gaeilge and other bodies in Cork city & county

 

17 September 1919

Police and army enter Cork Examiner premises and destroy machinery

 

2 January 1920

RIC recruits first Black & tans

 

15 January 1920

Local elections: SF big winners

 

30 January 1920

Mayoral elections: more wins for SF, including Tomás Mac Curtáin in Cork

 

20 March 1920

Tomás Mac Curtáin, Lord Mayor of Cork, assassinated in his home by RIC

 

30 March 1920

Terence MacSwiney elected Lord Mayor of Cork

 

17 July 1920

Lt Col GBF Smyth, commander of RIC in Munster, killed by IRA in Cork

 

27 July 1920

Inauguration of ADRIC – ‘Auxies’

 

12 August 1920

Arrest of Terence MacSwiney, Lord Mayor of Cork, in City Hall

 

16 August 1920

Court martial of MacSwiney; sentenced to 2 years in Brixton Prison; announces start of hunger strike

 

28 September 1920

Disturbances in Mallow: raid on barracks followed by sack of town by military

 

25 October 1920

Death of Terence MacSwiney, Lord Mayor of Cork, on hunger strike

 

July 1921

Terence MacSwiney’s Principles of Freedom published

 

28 November 1920

Kilmichael ambush

 

11-12 December 1920

Burning of Cork

 

1 January 1921

Government-authorised reprisals begin – 7 houses destroyed in Midleton

28 February 1921

6 Republican prisoners executed in Cork; 6 British soldiers killed in reprisal

9 July 1921

Truce signed between IRA and British Army representatives

16 August 1921

SF MPs elected to ‘Southern Ireland Parliament’ convene as 2nd Dáil

11 October 1921

Anglo-Irish negotiations begin in London

6 December 1921

Anglo-Irish Treaty signed

14 December 1921

Dáil Éireann begins debate on Treaty (continues until 7 January 1922)

7 January 1922

Dáil Éireann approves Treaty by 64 votes to 57

9 January 1922

De Valera resigns as president of Dáil Éireann; Griffith elected as president on 10 January

14 January 1922

Dáil Éireann elects provisional government of Irish Free State

2 February 1922

James Joyce’s Ulysses published in Paris

5 February 1922

Cumann na mBan rejects Treaty

26-7 March 1922

Anti-Treaty members of IRA established executive under Oscar Traynor

14 April 1922

Anti-Treaty forces under Rory O’Connor occupy Four Courts

16 June 1922

General election: pro-Treaty SF 58 seats; anti-Treaty 36; Labour 17; 17others

22 June 1922

Field Marshall Sir Henry Wilson assassinated in London

28 June 1922

Free State forces attack Four Courts

30 June 1922

Four Courts destroyed, including irreplaceable archives

30 June-5 July 1922

Free State forces attack anti-Treaty HQ in Dublin; Cathal Brugha captured

11 August 1922

Cork city taken by Free State forces (Limerick and Waterford taken 20 July)

12 August 1922

Arthur Griffith dies; Michael Collins succeeds

22 August 1922

Michael Collins killed in ambush at Béal na mBláiche

25 August 1922

William T Cosgrave, TD for Cork, succeeds Collins

9 September 1922

3rd Dáil assembles; Cosgrave elected president of Executive Council; anti-Treaty TDs absent

10 October 1922

Catholic bishops condemn resistance to Free State government (lampooned in popular Cork songs – “unless you’re a Free Stater you won’t get to heaven”)

25 October 1922

Dáil approves Constitution of Saorstát Éireann

28 October 1922

Mussolini marches on Roma – forms government at request of King on 30 October

17 November 1922

First of executions of anti-Treaty soldiers by Free State; last takes place on 2 may 1923; 77 men shot in all

24 November 1922

Erskine Childers executed

6 December 1922

Executive Council elected by Dáil Éireann:

President & Finance: WT Cosgrave

Vice-President & Home Affairs: Kevin O’Higgins

External Affairs: Desmond FitzGerald

Defence: Richard Mulcahy

Education: Eoin MacNeill

Local Government: Ernest Blythe

Industry & Commerce: Joe McGrath

TM Healy, of Bantry, sworn in as Governor General of Saorstát Éireann

First issue of Saorstát Éireann postage stamps

8 December 1922

Rory O’Connor, Liam mellows and 2 others executed as reprisal for assassination of Sean Hales, Cork TD

29 January 1923

Horace Plunkett’s home burned by anti-Treaty forces

12 February 1923

Cosgrave agrees to pay land annuities to British Treasury

31 March 1923

Midnight: Customs barriers in place between Saorstát Éireann and UK 

10 April 1923

General Liam Lynch fatally wounded in Knockmealdown Mountains

12 April 1923

Sean O’Casey’s The Shadow of a gunman performed for 1st time in Abbey Theatre

27 April 1923

De Valera and Frank Aiken order offensive operations by anti-Treaty forces to cease

27 April 1923

Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin TDs form Cumann na nGaedhal

24 May 1923

Anti-Treaty forces ordered to lay down arms

3 June 1923

Major split in trade union movement, following attack by James Larkin on William O’Brien

15 June 1923

Larkin forms Workers Union of Ireland

16 June 1923

Dáil Éireann enacts Censorship of Films Act 1923

 

Timeline 1913-1923 PDF(236KB)